Test tube baby means the baby that is conceived not in the women body but in the controlled conditions of the lab. It is also called IVF procedure and it is the most popular and effective type of assisted reproductive procedure that helps the infertile couples to have their own baby.
What is IVF or test tube baby procedure?
In Vitro Fertilization or IVF is the lab-based procedure in which female eggs are fertilized with male sperm in the cultured dish kept under the controlled conditions of the lab and the developing embryo is implanted in the womb for successful pregnancy ahead. Thus it is the procedure of artificial conception that occurs outside the female body.
Steps involved in test tube Baby procedure
The process of IVF or test tube baby is completed in mainly five steps as follows
Stimulating egg production
For the successful IVF treatment, quality of eggs matters a lot so initially, the natural ovulation period of the woman is examined and then some fertility drugs containing hormones are injected in the ovaries to ensure the production and maturity of follicles in the ovaries so that number of eggs a can be received for fertilization. The dose of fertility drugs completely depends on the requirement of eggs for a particular patient.
After the eggs stimulation, the next step is to collect the high-quality eggs from the ovaries. It is the minor surgical step and also known as follicular aspiration. This step is performed under the anesthesia so that patient could have painless treatment.
In the procedure, the very thin needle is inserted into the ovary of the patient through the vagina and this thin needle is further connected to a suction device that sucks the eggs out from the ovaries. At one time more than one egg is retrieved from each ovary. On average basis 15 eggs are considered as ideal for the successful IVF procedure.
After the procedure patient can get back home without any difficulty and patient is asked to come back to the center after few days for implantation of the embryo. After this procedure, the patient may have mild side effects like a headache, vomiting, nausea, or vaginal pain and bleeding but all these get vanished in one to two days. If you feel any emergency or serious effect then you must consult your IVF specialist.
If you have chosen the best IVF center in India then you can also get the option of getting pregnant with donor eggs. It is the best option for women who have a poor quality of eggs or even for those who want to have a baby after menopause.
Collecting sperm sample
On the same day of egg retrieval, sperm sample of the male partner is also collected and even examined. If the male partner has poor quality sperm or low count or motility of the sperm then techniques like ICSI are combined with the IVF procedure so that fertilization of the egg has been ensured. It also consider that if the male have low sperm count first he should have Low Sperm Count Treatment before proceeding this process.
This step of the process can also be performed with the donor sperm as in some cases of single mothers or male side infertility donor sperms are also used for test tube baby.
Male sperm and the female egg are kept together in the Petri dish for fertilization. During the fertilization lab conditions are always monitored as for successful fertilization of egg mimic conditions of mother womb are required in the lab. If the technique ICSI is combined with IVF then the specialists penetrates the egg by injecting the male sperm into the female egg for fertilization otherwise both are kept together for natural meeting and penetration.
After the successful embryo development, implantation is the final step of the IVF cycle. In the best test tube baby center in India before the implantation of the embryo in the mother womb, chromosomal screening of the embryo is done so that genetic errors of other defects in the embryo can be diagnosed.
After the testing, the best and healthiest embryo is implanted in the mother womb for a successful pregnancy. In some cases to prevent the implantation failure or risk of multiple birth doctors implant the blastocyst in the womb in this technique after 7 days of embryo development when it grows as blastocyst then it is implanted in the womb for future pregnancy.
After the IVF cycle
After the completion of implantation, intended mothers are asked for bed rest and after 15 days they can test their pregnancy for positive or negative results. If in case the result of pregnancy comes negative then after one menstrual cycle another IVF can be planned for pregnancy.